Moscow, Russia

 The city has the largest concentration of billionaires in the world (Forbes, 2011) it is building new suburbs, subway lines and skyscrapers to service the growing needs of its residents and visitors. All of this progress is blended with some of the most important cultural and architectural heritage in the world.

A key component of the ‘future city’ is space, space to breathe, space to run, space to relax; parks central to this provision. Moscow is framed at its edges by large parks such as Gorky Park, Botanichesky Park and Izmaylovsky Park; these historic green spaces are large, naturalistic and well loved. Such parks could be thought of as ‘traditional Moscow Parks’.

As the city transforms itself into an, intense, 21st century world centre, the traditional parks have their place, but need to be seen in the context of en evolving ‘green matrix’ of spaces which includes; smaller neighbourhood parks, green streets,  intimate pocket parks and civic parks. We see Zaryadye Park as a ‘civic park’; a park that is important to a local city district, but also to the city as a whole, such parks need to work hard. Civic parks need to fit a lot of programme into a small space, they needs to be green, but also hard, they need to be spacious but also intimate and they need to work for a city 365 days a year. 

Naturalistic parks with heavy woodland planting and vast, flat open areas of paving simply cannot provide the variety of experience and programme that the contemporary urban centre requires, Zaryadye Park, combined with the buildings that frame and anchor its edges, will form an nexus for recreation, entertainment and civic function in Moscow. The following is a summary of how the park will work for the city.